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新时代中国特色大国外交的科学指南
作者: 李文 来源:u赢电竞-U赢电竞官网 时间: 2020-09-12

ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXIN

NEIRONGTIYAO

u赢电竞■XIJINPINGTONGZHISHENKEDONGXILISHIGUILV、BAWOSHIDAIDASHI,WEIRAOXINSHIDAIWAIJIAOGONGZUOTICHUYIXILIEZHONGDALILUNGUANDIAN,XINGCHENGLEXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANG,WEIXINSHIDAIuYINGDIANJINGGUODUIWAIGONGZUOTIGONGLEGENBENZUNXUNHEXINGDONGZHINAN。

u赢电竞■TUIDONGGOUJIANXINXINGGUOJIGUANXI、GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,SHIXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHIMAKESIZHUYISHIJIELISHILILUNZAIDANGDAIZHONGGUODECHUANGZAOXINGFAZHAN。

■ZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUASHIZHONGHUAMINZUDETUCHUYOUSHI,SHIuYINGDIANJINGZUISHENHOUDEWENHUARUANSHILI,SHIuYINGDIANJINGZAISHIJIEWENHUAJIDANGZHONGZHANWENJIAOGENDEGENJI。XIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGJUYOUSHENHOUDEZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADIYUN。

DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,MIANDUIGUOJIXINGSHIFENGYUNBIANHUAN,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGBAWOXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOYUSHIJIEFAZHANDASHI,KAICHUANGXINGTUIJINZHONGGUOTESEDAGUOWAIJIAO,ZAIDUIWAIGONGZUOZHONGJINXINGYIXILIEZHONGDALILUNHESHIJIANCHUANGXIN,XINGCHENGLEXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANG。XIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGNEIHANSHENKE、TIXIWANZHENG、ZHEXUEJICHUSHENHOU、WENHUAYUANYUANMIANZHANG,SHIuYINGDIANJINGGUOWAIJIAOSHIYEDEZUIXINLILUNCHENGGUOHEBAOGUIJINGSHENCAIFU,WEIXINSHIDAIuYINGDIANJINGGUODUIWAIGONGZUOTIGONGLEGENBENZUNXUNHEXINGDONGZHINAN。XIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGJISHIMAKESIZHUYIGUOJIGUANXILILUNDEZHONGDACHUANGXINCHENGGUO,YESHIZHONGGUODUIQUANRENLEIDEZHONGYAOSIXIANGGONGXIAN。

MINGQUEXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANDESHIJIEZUOBIAO

u赢电竞YIGUODEWAIJIAOZHENGCE,SHIQIKAIZHANWAIJIAOHUODONGDEJIBENZHUNZE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,uYINGDIANJINGDANGFENGXINGDULIZIZHUDEHEPINGWAIJIAOZHENGCE,XIANHOUTICHUHEPINGGONGCHUWUXIANGYUANZE、JIANLIGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIXINZHIXU、ZOUHEPINGFAZHANDAOLU、GOUJIANHEXIESHIJIEDENGZHONGYAOWAIJIAOLINIAN,CHONGFENBIAOMINGZHONGGUOJIANCHIHEPINGFAZHANDEYIZHIHEJUEXIN。

u赢电竞ZHONGGUOJIANGJIANDINGBUYIZOUHEPINGFAZHANDAOLU,BINGQIEXIWANGSHIJIEGEGUOGONGTONGZOUHEPINGFAZHANDAOLU。DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,YINGGAITICHUYIGEJIANLIGUOJIZHENGZHIXINZHIXUDELILUN。ZAIZHUBUZOUJINSHIJIEWUTAIZHONGYANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHONGGUOSHIZHONGZUOSHIJIEHEPINGDEuYINGDIANJINGZHE、QUANQIUFAZHANDEGONGXIANZHE、GUOJIZHIXUDEWEIHUZHE。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHU“ZHONGGUOJIANDINGFENGXINGDULIZIZHUDEHEPINGWAIJIAOZHENGCE,ZUNZHONGGEGUORENMINZIZHUXUANZEFAZHANDAOLUDEQUANLI”,ZHONGSHENDULIZIZHUDEHEPINGWAIJIAOZHENGCE,BINGQIANGDIAOZUNZHONGFAZHANDAOLUDUOYANGXING。GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIANCONG“RENLEIXIANGHECHUQU”“DAZAOSHENMEYANGDESHIJIEZHIXU”DEGAODU,DUISHIJIEWEILAIDEHEPINGFAZHANTICHUSHEXIANG,YIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOYUSHIJIEGUANXIDEXINBIANHUAHEWAIJIAOGONGZUODEXINXUYAOWEICHUFADIAN,FENGFUHEFAZHANLEuYINGDIANJINGDANGDEHEPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANG。

WAIJIAOWUXIAOSHI,WAIJIAODAQUANZAIZHONGYANG,WAIJIAOuYINGDIANJINGYUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAuYINGDIANJING,WEIHUGUOJIAZHUQUANHEZUNYAN,DENGDENG,ZHEIXIESHIuYINGDIANJINGDANGZAIWAIJIAODEDINGWEIHEJIAOSE、SHIMINGHERENWUDENGFANGMIANXINGCHENGDEGUILVXINGRENSHI。ZHEIXIEZHONGYAOGUANDIANXIANMINGTIXIANZAIXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGZHONG。ZAI2018NIANZHONGYANGWAISHIGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGTONGZHIMINGQUEZHICHU,JIANCHIYIWEIHUDANGZHONGYANGQUANWEIWEITONGLINGJIAQIANGDANGDUIDUIWAIGONGZUODEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO,JIANCHIYISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGWEISHIMINGTUIJINZHONGGUOTESEDAGUOWAIJIAO,JIANCHIYIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIGENBENZENGQIANGZHANLVEZIXIN,JIANCHIYIGUOJIAHEXINLIYIWEIDIXIANWEIHUGUOJIAZHUQUAN、ANQUAN、FAZHANLIYI。

GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,uYINGDIANJINGGUOJIJIFAZHANDAGUOGUANXI,ZHONGSHIGAISHAN、FAZHANYUZHOUBIANGUOJIADEGUANXI,GONGGUYUGUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEGUANXI。ZAISHIJIZHIJIAO,uYINGDIANJINGGUOCHUBUQUELI“DAGUOSHIGUANJIAN、ZHOUBIANSHISHOUYAO、FAZHANZHONGGUOJIASHIJICHU、DUOBIANSHIZHONGYAOWUTAI”DEDUIWAIGUANXIGEJU。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGTONGZHISHENKEDONGXILISHIGUILV、BAWOSHIDAIDASHI,WEIRAOXINSHIDAIWAIJIAOGONGZUOTICHUYIXILIEZHONGDALILUNGUANDIAN,XINGCHENGLEXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANG。ZHENGSHIFAHUIZHEIYISIXIANGDE“DINGHAISHENZHEN”ZUOYONG,ZHONGGUOWAIJIAOZAIBOJUEYUNGUIDEGUOJIJUSHIZHONGWENBUQIANXING。CONGGONGJIAN“YIDAIYILU”DAOTUIDONGGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,CONGTUIDONGGOUJIANXINXINGGUOJIGUANXIDAOCHANGDAOGONGSHANGGONGJIANGONGXIANGDEQUANQIUZHILIGUAN,CONGFAZHANQUANQIUHUOBANGUANXIDAOFENGXINGHULIGONGYINGDEKAIFANGZHANLVE,ZHONGGUOWAIJIAORUKUNPENGZHANCHI,ZAIGUOJIFENGYUNJIDANGZHONGAOXIANG,ZHANGXIANDAGUOTESE、DAGUOFENGGE、DAGUODANDANG,WEIWEIHUSHIJIEHEPINGYUFAZHANZOUXIANGZHONGGUOZUIQIANGYIN。

YINLINGSHIDAICHAOLIUHERENLEIWENMINGJINBUFANGXIANG

u赢电竞MAKESI、ENGESIZHICHU: “GEMINZUDEYUANSHIFENGBIZHUANGTAIYOUYURIYIWANSHANDESHENGCHANFANGSHI、JIAOWANGYIJIYINJIAOWANGERZIRANXINGCHENGDEBUTONGMINZUZHIJIANDEFENGONGXIAOMIEDEYUESHICHEDI,LISHIYEJIUYUESHICHENGWEISHIJIELISHI。”uYINGDIANJINGDANGZHANZAISHIJIELISHIDEGAODU,YIBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIHELISHIWEIWUZHUYIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA,KEXUEGUANCHA、SHENRUSIKAOSHIJIECENGMIANSHENGCHANLIYUSHENGCHANGUANXI、JINGJIJICHUYUSHANGCENGJIANZHUFAZHANBIANHUADEZHUANGKUANGYUQUSHI,DECHUSHIJIEZHENGCHUYUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUDELUNDUAN。TUIDONGGOUJIANXINXINGGUOJIGUANXI、GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,SHIXIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHIMAKESIZHUYISHIJIELISHILILUNZAIDANGDAIZHONGGUODECHUANGZAOXINGFAZHAN。

u赢电竞RENLEILISHIYOUDIQUSHI、GUOBIESHIYANJINWEISHIJIELISHIDEGUOCHENG,YEBIAOXIANWEIGUOJIGUANXISHIYINGSHIJIEJINGJIZHENGZHIFAZHANERBIANHUADEGUOCHENG。JINDAIYILAI,ZAISHIJIECENGMIAN,SHANGCENGJIANZHUYUJINGJIJICHUDEMAODUNYIZHIMEIYOUDEDAOYOUXIAOJIEJUE,TUCHUBIAOXIANWEISHIJIEZHENGZHIJINGJIFAZHANBUPINGHENG,ZHIMINZHUYI、BAQUANZHUYI、LENGZHANSIWEIZAIGUOJIGUANXIZHONGYIRANCUNZAI。JINGGUOLIANGCISHIJIEDAZHANHELENGZHAN,SHIJIEZHIXUKAISHIXIANGGENGYOULIYUSHIJIEHEPINGYUFAZHANDEFANGXIANGDIAOZHENGYUBIANGE。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“DANGJINSHIJIESHIYIGEBIANGEDESHIJIE,SHIYIGEXINJIYUXINTIAOZHANCENGCHUBUQIONGDESHIJIE,SHIYIGEGUOJITIXIHEGUOJIZHIXUSHENDUDIAOZHENGDESHIJIE,SHIYIGEGUOJILILIANGDUIBISHENKEBIANHUABINGCHAOZHEYOULIYUHEPINGYUFAZHANFANGXIANGBIANHUADESHIJIE。”GUANYUSHIJIECHUYUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUDEPANDUAN,SHIZAITONGCHOUFENXIGUONEIXINGSHIHESHIJIEDAJUDEQIANTIXIADECHUDE。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,DANGQIAN,uYINGDIANJINGGUOCHUYUJINDAIYILAIZUIHAODEFAZHANSHIQI,SHIJIECHUYUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,LIANGZHETONGBUJIAOZHI、XIANGHUJIDANG。ZHEIWEIuYINGDIANJINGJINYIBUZUOHAODUIWAIGONGZUO、BAWOBIANJUZHONGDEJIYUZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。

XIJINPINGTONGZHIQIANGDIAO,“SHIJIEYIJINGCHENGWEINIZHONGYOUuYINGDIANJING、uYINGDIANJINGZHONGYOUNIDEDIQIUCUN,GEGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANRIYIXIANGHULIANXI、XIANGHUYINGXIANG,TUIJINHULIANHUTONG、JIAKUAIRONGHEFAZHANCHENGWEICUJINGONGTONGFANRONGFAZHANDEBIRANXUANZE。”ZAIDONGXIDANGJINSHIJIEFAZHANQUSHIDEQIANTIXIA,JICHENGMAKESIZHUYISHIJIELISHILILUNDEJINGSUI,MIANDUIJINGJIQUANQIUHUAJINCHENGSHOUZU、QUANQIUJINGJIZHILIZHIHOUDENGWENTI,uYINGDIANJINGDANGTICHUuYINGDIANJINGKAIFANGXINGSHIJIEJINGJI,GONGJIAN“YIDAIYILU”,TUIDONGJINGJIQUANQIUHUAXIANGKAIFANG、BAORONG、PUHUI、PINGHENG、GONGYINGFANGXIANGFAZHAN,CUJINQUANQIUJINGJIZHILITIXIBIANGEDENGSIXIANGLINIAN,WEIPOJIERENLEIMIANLINDEGONGTONGTIAOZHANGONGXIANZHONGGUOFANGAN。

GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIAN,WEIGUOJISHEHUIZHENGTIFAZHANJINBUTIGONGLEJIEJUEFANGAN,DUIYUJIEJUEDANGQIANGUOJISHEHUIMIANLINDEZHUYAOQUANQIUXINGYITIHESHENCENGCIWENTIJUYOULISHIXINGYIYI。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“GEGUOYAOSHULIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIYISHI,ZHENZHENGRENQING‘YIRONGJURONG、YISUNJUSUN’DELIANDAIXIAOYING,ZAIJINGZHENGZHONGHEZUO,ZAIHEZUOZHONGGONGYING。”GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIANHONGYANGZHONGHUAMINZUSHIJIEDATONG、SIHAIYIJIADEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,SHUNYINGRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANJINBUDESHIDAICHAOLIU,CHENGWEIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOWAIJIAODEYIMIANXIANMINGQIZHI。

TIXIANSHENHOUZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADIYUN

u赢电竞ZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUASHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEGENHEHUN,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIGENDEWENHUAWOTU。XIJINPINGTONGZHIGAODUZHONGSHIZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,JIANGQIZUOWEIuYINGDIANJINGDANGZHIGUOLIZHENGDEZHONGYAOSIXIANGWENHUAZIYUAN。XIJINPINGTONGZHIQIANGDIAO,ZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUASHIZHONGHUAMINZUDETUCHUYOUSHI,SHIuYINGDIANJINGZUISHENHOUDEWENHUARUANSHILI,SHIuYINGDIANJINGZAISHIJIEWENHUAJIDANGZHONGZHANWENJIAOGENDEGENJI。XIJINPINGWAIJIAOSIXIANGTIXIANLESHENHOUDEZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADIYUN。

u赢电竞QINRENSHANLIN、XIEHEWANBANGSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGYIGUANDECHUSHIZHIDAO,AIHAOHEPINGSHIZHONGGUORENMINDEYOUJIUCHUANTONG。《LUNYU》ZHONGSHUO“LIZHIYONG,HEWEIGUI”,MENGZIZHUZHANG“TIANSHIBURUDILI,DILIBURURENHE”,MOZIRENWEI“TIANXIAJIANXIANGAIZEZHI,JIAOXIANGEZELUAN”,TIXIANDEDOUSHIDUIHEPINGDEZHENSHI。ZHONGHUAMINZUDEXUEYEZHONGMEIYOUQINLVETAREN、CHENGBASHIJIEDEJIYIN,uYINGDIANJINGDANGZAIWAIJIAOGONGZUOZHONGSHIZHONGJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGHUAMINZUAIHAOHEPINGDECHUANTONG。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“ZAI5000DUONIANDEWENMINGFAZHANZHONG,ZHONGHUAMINZUYIZHIZHUIQIUHECHUANCHENGZHEHEPING、HEMU、HEXIEDEJIANDINGLINIAN。YIHEWEIGUI,YURENWEISHAN,JISUOBUYU、WUSHIYURENDENGLINIANZAIZHONGGUODAIDAIXIANGCHUAN,SHENSHENZHIGENYUZHONGGUORENDEJINGSHENZHONG,SHENSHENTIXIANZAIZHONGGUORENDEXINGWEISHANG。”ZHONGGUOJIANCHIZOUHEPINGFAZHANDAOLU,ZHONGGUOFAZHANBUDUIRENHEGUOJIAGOUCHENGWEIXIE,ZHONGGUOWULUNFAZHANDAOSHENMECHENGDUDOUYONGYUANBUCHENGBA。

TIANXIAWEIGONG、SHIJIEDATONGSHIZHONGGUOGUDAIYOUSHIZHISHIDUILIXIANGSHEHUIZHUANGTAIDEYIZHONGZHUIQIU。ZHONGHUAWENHUASHANYUCONGQUANBU、CONGZHENGTIKANSHIJIE,DUITIANXIABAOYOUQIANGLIEDEZERENGANHEDANDANGJINGSHEN。KONGZIJIANG“YOUJIAOWULEI”,ZHANGZAISHUO“MIN,WUTONGBAO,WU,WUYUYE”,JIANJITIANXIA、GONGSHENG、GONGCHU、GONGXIANGSHIZHONGSHIZHONGGUORENMINCHONGSHANGDEMEIDE。RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIANZHILIYUBAuYINGDIANJINGSHENGYUSI、ZHANGYUSIDEZHEIGESHIJIEJIANCHENGYIGEHEMUDEDAJIATING,BASHIJIEGEGUORENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGBIANCHENGXIANSHI。GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIYIBEIDUOCIXIERULIANHEGUOWENJIAN,ZHENGZAICONGLINIANZHUANHUAWEIXINGDONG,CHANSHENGRIYIGUANGFANERSHENYUANDEGUOJIYINGXIANG。

HEERBUTONGSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGDUIDAIRENLEIQITAWENMINGDETAIDU。ZHONGGUOGURENRENWEI“HE”SHIZAIZUNZHONGCHAYIXINGHEDUOYANGXINGJICHUSHANGDETONGYI,ZHEIDIANDINGLEZHONGHUAWENHUAKAIFANGBAORONGTEZHIDEZHEXUEGENJI。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZAIJIANGHUAZHONGDUOCIYINYONG“HESHISHENGWU、TONGZEBUJI”“WUZHIBUQI,WUZHIQINGYE”“RUOYISHUIJISHUI,SHEINENGSHIZHI?RUOQINSEZHIZHUANYI,SHEINENGTINGZHI?”“WANWUBINGYUERBUXIANGHAI,DAOBINGXINGERBUXIANGBEI”DENGXIANZHEMINGYAN。

u赢电竞RENLEIWENMINGDUOYANGXINGSHISHIJIEDEJIBENTEZHENG,uYINGDIANJINGHUJIANSHIWENMINGFAZHANDEBENZHIYAOQIU。ZAIXUDUOZHONGYAOGUOJICHANGHE,XIJINPINGZHUXIDUIWENMINGuYINGDIANJINGHUJIANZHONGYAOXINGDEQIANGDIAOYIYIGUANZHI。XIJINPINGZHUXIQIANGDIAO,BUTONGWENMINGYAOQUZHANGBUDUAN、GONGTONGJINBU,RANGWENMINGuYINGDIANJINGHUJIANCHENGWEITUIDONGRENLEISHEHUIJINBUDEDONGLI、WEIHUSHIJIEHEPINGDENIUDAI。ZHEIWEIHUIJUWENHUAWENMINGLILIANG、YINGDUIRENLEIGONGTONGTIAOZHANZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。

(ZHIBI: LI WEN)

u赢电竞《RENMINRIBAO》( 2019NIAN09YUE12RI 13 BAN)

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